Chapter 1: Investigating the Past

Caves of Lasaux France

"Visit" the Caves

Created by the French Ministry of Culture and Communication to encourage visitors worldwide to explore the cave, The Cave of Lascaux. The Cave of Lascaux provides a comprehensive look at this archeological wonder. The site highlights the story of the cave's discovery, how to interpret the data found there, and the preservation. Currently, only a replica of the cave is open to the public, but Internet visitors can virtually tour the actual cave. One enters the cave and clicks on areas to see what paintings are revealed in that location. Informative and interesting, this site nicely complements study of investigating the past.

Social Scientists:

A Day in the Life of an Archaeologist

The World' Oldest Noodle
Photo: Bowl of 4,000-year-old noodles
Photo: Bowl of 4,000-year-old noodles

October 12, 2005—A 4,000-year-old bowl of noodles unearthed in China is the earliest example ever found of one of the world's most popular foods, scientists reported today. It also suggests an Asian—not Italian—origin for the staple dish.
The beautifully preserved, long, thin yellow noodles were found inside an overturned sealed bowl at the Lajia archaeological site in northwestern China. The bowl was buried under ten feet (three meters) of sediment.
"This is the earliest empirical evidence of noodles ever found," Houyuan Lu of Beijing's Chinese Academy of Sciences said in an e-mail interview.
The scientists determined the noodles were made from two kinds of millet, a grain indigenous to China and widely cultivated there 7,000 years ago. Modern North American and European noodles are usually made with wheat.
Archaeochemist Patrick McGovern at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia said that if the date for the noodles is correct, the find is "quite amazing."
Even today, he said, deft skills are required to make long, thin noodles like those found at Lajia.
"This shows a fairly high level of food processing and culinary sophistication," he said.
—John Roach

Chapter 3: From Hunters and Gatherers (Paleolithic Age) to Farmers (Neolithic Age)

Paleolithic and Neolithic Eras

Neolithic Revolution

Horrible Histories: Stone Age Song

Textbook Talkie: Review

Neolithic Village: Scotland

Catal Hoyuk: Neolithic Village in Turkey

Archaeologists are excavating the remains of a Neolithic town. 9,000 years ago, this place was one of the world's largest settlements. At a time when most of the world's people were wandering hunter-gatherers, as many as 10,000 people lived at Çatalhöyük.

Test your knowledge of archaeology and history as you uncover the Mysteries of Catalhoyuk, a Neolithic village in Turkey that is under excavation. After taking the virtual tour of the dig and reading the archaeologists' journal, try solving one of the seven different mysteries outlined in the section "Mystery Cards." Here, you can analyze and interpret one of the artifacts that archaeologists themselves are trying to understand! An additional resource is the "Frequent Questions" link that provides basic information, a glossary, timeline, and maps. This site is a wonderful enrichment for study of human development from hunters and gatherers to farmers.

Other Links:

Chapter 4: The Rise of Sumerian City-States

National Geographic Video

Ancient Sumer: Nomads to Farmers

Treasures from the Royal Tombs of Ur

Textbook Talk: Review

Other Links:

Chapter 5: Ancient Sumer

City-States of Ancient Sumer