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Subcontinent
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A landmass that is smaller than a continent, but bigger than an island.
India is the subcontinent of Asia, because it moved to Asia from somewhere else in the world over time.

Monsoon
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A Monsoon is a heavy wind that brings rain and water from somewhere else.
Monsoons are common in India, giving water in the deserts, plateau, and mountains in and around India.

Plateau
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A lifted section of land that is very flat.
The Deccan Plateau is in the lower- south part of India, between the Eastern and Western Ghats.

GlaciersWiki term glaciers.jpg
Tall chunks of ice that are on mountains near the higher portions and peaks.
The mountain ranges of the Himalayas and the Eastern and Western Ghats (mainly the Himalayas) have Glaciers near the peaks or higher sections of the mountain.

Hinduism
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A religion that roots from ancient India and is based off the worship of the god, Dharma.
Dharma refers to law, duty, and obligation. Rama, a man and ruler, is a role model to the way to live by Dharma's rules.

Dharma
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Dharma represents law, duty, and obligation and is related to Hinduism.
Rama is a role model to the people to tell them to follow and live by the Rules of Dharma.

Brahman
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It is the name of a supreme power that many Hindus believe to be more powerful than all the other deities.
Many Hindus say that time moves forward like a great wheel, meaning that the same events return each day. Hindus believe that this is the work of Brahman, who is constantly creating, destroying, and re-creating the universe.

deity
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An Indian name for their gods and goddesses that they worship.
There are many different deities, or gods and goddesses, that the Indian people worship.

karma
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A person's good or bad actions that decide if they move up or down in life during the cycle of samsara.
If you have good karma, you could be born into a higher class when you are reborn, but if you have bad karma, you are going to be born into a lower class when you are reborn.

samsara
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The cycle of birth, death, then rebirth, and the cycle keeps going until you can be set free.
Your karma that you had in your past life can decide what caste system class you are born into after rebirth.

Vedas
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An ancient collection of writings viewed by many Hindus as sacred.
Hymns, verses, sacred texts, and teachings written/ composed in Sanskrit.

Sanskrit
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An ancient language invented by the Vedas over time as they evolved and changed.
Sanskrit is what many people use as their language to communicate to other people.

Brahman
Wiki term brahman.jpg
It is the name of a supreme power that many Hindus believe to be more powerful than all the other deities.
Many Hindus say that time moves forward like a great wheel, meaning that the same events return each day. Hindus believe that this is the work of Brahman, who is constantly creating, destroying, and re-creating the universe.

caste
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A system of social classes that sorts different kinds of people into different areas, like between farmers and warriors, each is in a different class.
There are five different groups in the Caste system, the Brahmins, the Kshatriyas, the Vaishyas, the Shudras and the Untouchables.

reincarnation
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This is one of three parts of the cycle of Samsara, the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.
Many Hindus believe that a person's soul is reborn into a new body when that step of Samsara comes.

pilgrimage
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A journey taken by many that they relieve their sins and help their karma so they can change classes when they are reborn.
Many people have taken pilgrimages, so that they can hope to change classes when they are reborn, relieve their sins, and help their karma be better.

Buddhism
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A religion that roots from India, like Hinduism, got its name after Prince Siddhartha a.k.a. Buddha, or the "Awakened One".
The people that follow Buddhism are called Monks, and they practice the religion in Monasteries and temples and worship Prince Siddhartha, or Buddha.

Buddha
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A prince named Siddhartha left his home on a journey for knowledge and after telling his knowledge to others, became known as the Buddha.
Prince Siddhartha (known as Buddha) got his name after traveling on his own journey and shared his great knowledge with others.

Prince Siddhartha
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A young prince who knew nothing of the outside world outside of his fathers' palaces, but soon realized that there were many types of suffering in the world.
When he was 29, he became a father himself, so the king let him travel to the outside of the palace walls where he saw the three different types of suffering, sickness, aging, and death.

ascetic
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A person who has given up worldly pleasures to seek true happiness in their lives.
Prince Siddhartha was an ascetic for a time before becoming a monk, then a Buddha.

alms
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Goods or money given by the rich/ wealthy to the poorer people.
Prince Siddhartha carried around a bowl to collect alms after becoming an ascetic after seeing the three types of suffering.

Enlightenment
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The finding of truth and freedom from the three types of suffering, sickness, aging, and death.
Prince Siddhartha sought enlightenment from suffering by becoming an ascetic, then later Buddha.

Nirvana
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An ideal state of happiness and peace a person can achieve either easily or hard, depending on who they are.
Prince Siddhartha achieved nirvana and enlightenment after meditating under a Bodhi tre, or enlightenment tree.

Unification
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The unification of two or more empires throughout lands.
King Ashoka tried (and successfully did) unified the Mauryan empire with other empires spread about India/ Asia, and spread buddhism with the unification of all the empires.

Mauryan Empire
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An empire in ancient India that lasted from 269- 232 b.c.e., and was first of two major empires that ruled India.
The Mauryan Empire was only one of two empires in India, with the arrival of the Gupta Empire coming 552 years later, lasting from 320- 550 c.e., the Gupta empire lasting 230 years while the Mauryan only lasted 37 years.

edicts
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Different laws that prince Ashoka used to help spread the teachings of Buddhist values, General welfare, Justice, and Security.
These edicts could usually be found on pillars that were scattered around the empire's land showing messages to promote these edicts.

monks
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People that follow the religion of Buddhism, the religion that formed from Prince Siddhartha, Buddha, after he told stories from travels he went on.
The Monks are an ancient people, but are still around today and keep the religion going, ranging throughout Asia, mainly China and Japan, and is practiced by many.