History Terms
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Define the term in your own words.
Use the word in a sentence that shows understanding of the word's meaning.
GabiRIndianSubcontinent.JPGSubcontinent
A large part of a continent.
The Indian Subcontinent is in the southern most region of Asia

GabiRMonsoon.JPGMonsoon
A seasonal storm that brings heavy rain and winds.
Many villages may become flooded during a monsoon.

GabiRPlateau.JPGPlateau
An elevated land mass that is flatter than a mountain.
As we reached the plateau, we could see the canyons and valleys below.

GabiRGlacier.JPGGlaciers
A large mass of ice that is formed over many years from falling snow that moves very slowly.
They say that 80 percent of a glacier is under the water.

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Hinduism
A religion started in Ancient India, and has no founder. It is based on rituals and beliefs in a number of different gods.
Hinduism is the oldest of the world's major religions, and is still practiced today.

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Dharma
A duty, law or obligation. A Hindu belief that a person has an obligation to behave appropriately in order to lead an honorable life.
Following my dharma means I should do what I am supposed to do so that I can live an honorable life.

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Brahmanism
Ancient ritualistic traditions that developed from older Vedic traditions, and were part of the formation of Hinduism. The Brahman, or members of the high or priestly class, played a key role in these traditions.
Through Brahmanism, there were standards of how one should worship the Vedas.

GabiRDeity.JPG Deity
A god or goddess, or someone who is revered as a god or enlightened one.
The Hindus had many deities that they worshiped.

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Karma
The belief that your actions in your previous life will affect ones future or will come back to them weather it is good or bad.
I hope that my actions will lead to good karma in my next life.

GabiRSamsara.jpgSamsara
The Hindu belief in the continuous cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, which only ends when they behave correctly and live their life by following their dharma.
Reincarnation is one of the stages of samsara.

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Vedas
A large sum of Ancient Indian texts written in the oldest scriptures of Hinduism and Sanskrit literature.
The Vedas to the Hindus could be compared as the bible to Christians.

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Sanskrit
The classical language of Indian. Also the liturgical language of Hinduism and Buddhism.
The Vedas were written in Sanskrit.

GabiRBrahman.JPGBrahman
Priests in the Hindu religion.
The Brahman were the highest social class.

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Caste
Your social level/status given to you by your previous life actions.
One's karma determines their caste in the next life.

GabiRReincarnation.jpgReincarnation
The belief that you will be born into a new life and body after your death.
Hindus believe that they will be reincarnated until they are reunited with Brahma.

GabiRPilgramage.jpgPilgrimage
A religious expedition or journey
Hindus believed that a difficult pilgrimage to a holy place would cleanse them of their sins.

GabiRBuddhism.jpgBuddhism
A religion based on the teachings of the Buddha, that show people how to achieve happiness and peace by deeply understanding universal truth.
Buddhism was started by a man who gave up all of his worldly possessions to find enlightenment.

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Buddha
What the man who founded Buddhism is called, and which means "one who is enlightened" in Sanskrit.
The Buddha was born with the name Siddhartha Gautama.

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Prince Siddhartha
The birth name of the Buddha.
Prince Siddartha left his home as a young man in search of enlightenment.

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Ascetic
A person who gives up earthly possessions and pleasures.
Prince Siddhartha gave up all worldly pleasures to live the life of an ascetic.

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Alms
Charity for the poor, such as money or goods.
Many religions have ways to raise alms.

GabiRSamsara.jpgEnlightenment‚Äč
The goal of Buddhists. A state of being in which one gains deep spiritual insight and understanding of universal truth.
Buddhists believe that the way to reach enlightenment is to master the Four Noble Truths.

GabiRNirvana.jpgNirvana
True happiness and peace. Usually defined as freedom
Buddha believed that nirvana was liberation from a mind full of ignorance, greed, and hatred.

GabiRUnification.jpgUnification
The era during which the Mauryan family united the various kingdoms of India.
Emperor Ashoka was an important figure in the unification of India.

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Mauryan Empire
The first leaders that unified India, which lasted from 322 to 187 B.C.E
The Mauryan Empire unified India through war, but Emperor Ashoka changed his ways to non-violent means of keeping unity.

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Edicts
Laws or commands rooted in Buddhist values that were established by Ashoka.
Ashoka wanted his subjects to live according to the teachings of the Buddha, and had edicts carved throughout the land to remind people of these teachings.

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Monks
A member of a religious group of men typically vowed to obedience and poverty.
Buddhist monks are known to be very peaceful and enlightened people.